Standards

screws in all shapes and sizes
screws in all shapes and sizes

https://raw.github.com/xi/standards_talk/2013-11-13/standards.htm

What is a standard?

parties involved

stakeholders
anyone with an interest in a proposed standard
implementors
anyone who will implement (parts of) the standard
users
anyone who might use an implementation
sponsor
proposes a specification for standardization

parties involved

standardization organisation
organisation which manages the standardization process
working group (WG)
the people who manage the standardization process for the standardization organisation
advisors/experts
external people who are asked to participate in the standardization process. May be members of the working group

open standard

http://documentfreedom.org/openstandards.html http://www.csrstds.com/openstds.html

decentralization

overview of standardization organisations

International Organisation for Standardization (ISO)

International Organisation for Standardization (ISO)

International Organisation for Standardization (ISO)

Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN)

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

Working Draft
anyone is asked for comment
Candidate Recommendation
implementors are asked for feedback
Proposed Recommendation
W3C advisory council is asked to approve
W3C Recommendation
process is completed

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHAT WG)

python/bittorrent

summary: standardization process

summary: standardization process

critique

[...] the ostensibly open process of the W3C actually isn’t open: It’s dominated by multinationals; the opinions of everyone other than invited experts can be and are ignored; invited-expert status has been refused or revoked; the Working Group can claim that “consensus” has been reached even in the face of unresolved internal disagreement; the process is itself inaccessible to people with disabilities, like deaf people; WCAG Working Group chairs have acted like bullies. -- http://www.wcagsamurai.org/erratas/introduction/

What we can learn from this

What we can provide for this